Albert Camus wurde am 7. bei Annaba (Algerien) als zweiter Sohn einer europäischen Einwandererfamilie geboren. Der Vater, ein Franzose, fiel Zitate mit Quellenangabe. "Die wahre Großzügigkeit gegenüber der Zukunft besteht darin, alles der Gegenwart zu geben." - Der Mensch in der Revolte. Deutsch. Von Dirk Fuhrig. Beitrag hören Podcast abonnieren. Der Schriftsteller Albert Camus im Jahr (picture-alliance/United Archives/).
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Albert Camus war ein französischer Schriftsteller und Philosoph und Religionskritiker. erhielt er für sein publizistisches Gesamtwerk den Nobelpreis für Literatur. Camus gilt als einer der bekanntesten und bedeutendsten französischen Autoren. Albert Camus [alˈbɛːʁ kaˈmy] (* 7. November in Mondovi, Französisch-Nordafrika, heute Dréan, Algerien; † 4. Januar nahe Villeblevin. November: Albert Camus wird in Mondovi in der Nähe des heutigen Annaba/Algerien als zweiter Sohn einer Familie mit südfranzösischen Wurzeln geboren. Der. Der französische Journalist, Schriftsteller und Philosoph Albert Camus (–) war einer der wichtigsten Denker des Jahrhunderts und wurde mit. Albert Camus wurde am 7. November in ärmlichen Verhältnissen als Sohn einer Spanierin und eines Elsässers in Mondovi, Algerien. Albert Camus wurde als Schriftsteller durch seinen Roman „Der Fremde“ /43 – dieser Roman wurde verfilmt – und dem Essay "Der Mythos von Sisyphos". Albert Camus wurde am 7. bei Annaba (Algerien) als zweiter Sohn einer europäischen Einwandererfamilie geboren. Der Vater, ein Franzose, fiel
Albert Camus wurde am 7. bei Annaba (Algerien) als zweiter Sohn einer europäischen Einwandererfamilie geboren. Der Vater, ein Franzose, fiel Albert Camus war ein französischer Schriftsteller und Philosoph und Religionskritiker. erhielt er für sein publizistisches Gesamtwerk den Nobelpreis für Literatur. Camus gilt als einer der bekanntesten und bedeutendsten französischen Autoren. Von Dirk Fuhrig. Beitrag hören Podcast abonnieren. Der Schriftsteller Albert Camus im Jahr (picture-alliance/United Archives/).
He explained: "We might see communism as a springboard and asceticism that prepares the ground for more spiritual activities. Camus was expelled from the PCA for refusing to toe the party line.
This series of events sharpened his belief in human dignity. Camus's mistrust of bureaucracies that aimed for efficiency instead of justice grew.
Some of his scripts were the basis for his later novels. By then, Camus had developed strong feelings against authoritative colonialism as he witnessed the harsh treatment of the Arabs and Berbers by French authorities.
Each cycle consisted of a novel, an essay and a theatrical play. Camus volunteered to join the army but was not accepted because he had suffered from tuberculosis.
As the Germans were marching towards Paris, Camus fled. He was laid off from Paris-Soir and ended up in Lyon , where he married pianist and mathematician Francine Faure on 3 December There he began writing his second cycle of works, this time dealing with revolt—a novel La Peste The Plague and a play Le Malentendu The Misunderstanding.
By he was known because of his earlier work. He returned to Paris where he met and became friends with Jean-Paul Sartre.
Camus took an active role in the underground resistance movement against the Germans during the French Occupation. Upon his arrival in Paris, he started working as a journalist and editor of the banned newspaper Combat.
He continued writing for the paper after the liberation of France. He gave lectures at various universities in the United States and Latin America during two separate trips.
He also visited Algeria once more, only to leave disappointed by the continued oppressive colonial policies, which he had warned about many times.
Camus attacked totalitarian communism while advocating libertarian socialism and anarcho-syndicalism. His relations with the Marxist Left deteriorated further during the Algerian War.
Camus was a strong supporter of European integration in various marginal organisations working towards that end. Camus also raised his voice against the Soviet intervention in Hungary and the totalitarian tendencies of Franco 's regime in Spain.
She had a mental breakdown and needed hospitalisation in the early s. Camus, who felt guilty, withdrew from public life and was slightly depressed for some time.
In , Camus received the news that he was to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. This came as a shock to him. At age 44, he was the second-youngest recipient of the prize, after Rudyard Kipling , who was After this he began working on his autobiography Le Premier Homme The First Man in an attempt to examine "moral learning".
He also turned to the theatre once more. The play opened in January at the Antoine Theatre in Paris and was a critical success.
Weil had great influence on his philosophy,  since he saw her writings as an "antidote" to nihilism. Camus died on 4 January at the age of 46, in a car accident near Sens , in Le Grand Fossard in the small town of Villeblevin.
The car crashed into a plane tree on a long straight stretch of the Route nationale 5 now the RN 6. Camus, who was in the passenger seat and not wearing a safety belt, died instantly.
There has been speculation that Camus was assassinated by the KGB because of his criticism of Soviet abuses. Camus had predicted that this unfinished novel based on his childhood in Algeria would be his finest work.
The subject was the revolt by Spanish miners that was brutally suppressed by the Spanish government resulting in 1, to 2, deaths.
Both were published by Edmond Charlot 's small publishing house. Camus separated his work into three cycles. Each cycle consisted of a novel, an essay, and a play.
The third, the cycle of the love, consisted of Nemesis. Each cycle was an examination of a theme with the use of a pagan myth and including biblical motifs.
The books in the first cycle were published between and , but the theme was conceived earlier, at least as far back as Camus began his work on the second cycle while he was in Algeria , in the last months of , just as the Germans were reaching North Africa.
He analyses various aspects of rebellion, its metaphysics, its connection to politics, and examines it under the lens of modernity, of historicity and the absence of a God.
He then decided to distance himself from the Algerian War as he found the mental burden too heavy. He turned to theatre and the third cycle which was about love and the goddess Nemesis.
Two of Camus's works were published posthumously. There is scholarly debate about the relationship between the two books. It was an autobiographical work about his childhood in Algeria and its publication in sparked a widespread reconsideration of Camus's allegedly unrepentant colonialism.
Camus was a moralist; he claimed morality should guide politics. While he did not deny that morals change over time, he rejected the classical Marxist doctrine that history defines morality.
Camus was also strongly critical of authoritarian communism, especially in the case of the Soviet regime, which he considered totalitarian.
Camus rebuked Soviet apologists and their "decision to call total servitude freedom". Of the French collaboration with the German occupiers, he wrote: "Now the only moral value is courage, which is useful here for judging the puppets and chatterboxes who pretend to speak in the name of the people.
Camus leaned towards anarchism, a tendency that intensified in the s, when he came to believe that the Soviet model was morally bankrupt.
Camus kept a neutral stance during the Algerian Revolution — While he was against the violence of the National Liberation Front FLN he acknowledged the injustice and brutalities imposed by colonialist France.
Camus also supported a like-minded Algerian militant, Aziz Kessous. Camus traveled to Algeria to negotiate a truce between the two belligerents but was met with distrust by all parties.
My mother might be on one of those tramways. If that is justice, then I prefer my mother. I believe in justice, but I will defend my mother before justice.
He was sharply critical of the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Born in Algeria to French parents, Camus was familiar with the institutional racism of France against Arabs and Berbers, but he was not part of a rich elite.
He lived in very poor conditions as a child but was a citizen of France and as such was entitled to citizens' rights; the Arab and Berbers majority of the country were not.
Camus was a vocal advocate of the "new Mediterranean Culture". This was a term he used to describe his vision of embracing the multi-ethnicity of the Algerian people, in opposition to "Latiny", a popular pro-fascist and antisemitic ideology among other Pieds-Noirs —or French or Europeans born in Algeria.
For Camus, this vision encapsulated the Hellenic humanism which survived among ordinary people around the Mediterranean Sea.
Camus also supported the Blum—Viollette proposal to grant Algerians full French citizenship in a manifesto with arguments defending this assimilative proposal on radical egalitarian grounds.
He advocated for economic, educational and political reforms as a matter of emergency. He wrote a series of articles reporting on conditions, and advocating for French reforms and concessions to the demands of the Algerian people.
When the Algerian War began in , Camus was confronted with a moral dilemma. He identified with the Pieds-Noirs such as his own parents and defended the French government's actions against the revolt.
He argued the Algerian uprising was an integral part of the "new Arab imperialism " led by Egypt, and an "anti-Western" offensive orchestrated by Russia to "encircle Europe" and "isolate the United States".
During the war, he advocated a civil truce that would spare the civilians. It was rejected by both sides who regarded it as foolish. Behind the scenes, he began working for imprisoned Algerians who faced the death penalty.
In their eyes, Camus was no longer the defender of the oppressed. Camus once confided that the troubles in Algeria "affected him as others feel pain in their lungs.
Even though Camus is mostly connected to Absurdism ,  he is routinely categorized as an Existentialist , a term he rejected on several occasions.
Camus himself said his philosophical origins lay in ancient Greek philosophy, Nietzsche , and 17th-century moralists whereas existentialism arises from 19th- and early 20th-century philosophy such as Kierkegaard , Karl Jaspers , and Heidegger.
He thought that the importance of history held by Marx and Sartre was incompatible with his belief in human freedom. On the other hand, Camus focused most of his philosophy around existential questions.
The absurdity of life, the inevitable ending death is highlighted in his acts. His belief was that the absurd—life being void of meaning, or man's inability to know that meaning if it were to exist—was something that man should embrace.
His anti-Christianity, his commitment to individual moral freedom and responsibility are only a few of the similarities with other existential writers.
He wrote: "There is only one really serious philosophical question, and that is suicide. Many existentialist writers have addressed the Absurd, each with their own interpretation of what it is and what makes it important.
Kierkegaard explains that the absurdity of religious truths prevents us from reaching God rationally.
Camus's thoughts on the Absurd begins with his first cycle of books and the literary essay The Myth of Sisyphus , Le Mythe de Sisyphe , his major work on the subject.
He also wrote a play about the Roman emperor Caligula , pursuing an absurd logic, which was not performed until His early thoughts appeared in his first collection of essays, L'Envers et l'endroit Betwixt and Between in Absurd themes were expressed with more sophistication in his second collection of essays, Noces Nuptials , in and Betwixt and Between.
Nakon njegove smrti, dva Camusova djela izdana su posthumno. Prvi od njih, Sretna smrt , koji je izdan Kako bi razlikovali Camusov apsurd , od ostalih , mnogi, kada govore o Camusovom apsurdu , govore o Paradoksu apsurda.
U zbirci Pirovanje iz Napisao je i dramu o rimskom caru Kaliguli , koji u drami slijedi apsurdnu logiku. No, drama je izvedena tek Pisma su tiskana u periodu od Mersault , glavni lik Stranca , dobiva smrtnu kaznu zbog ubojstva.
Camus je u masovnoj politici koju je priznavao Sartre u ime radikalnog marksizma vidio refleksivni totalitarizam. Njegova svojstvena iskrenost remeti status quo.
Camus je odgovorio:. George Bernard Shaw. Pearl S. Bertrand Russell. Eugenio Montale. Gao Xingjian. Louise Glück. Iz Wikipedije, slobodne enciklopedije.
Albert Camus. George Orwell. Albert Camus: A Life , str. Knopf, Journal of Modern Literature str. Albert Camus na Wikimedijinoj ostavi.